Understanding the Psychology: Reasons Behind Why Women Can Seem Mean

Women being labeled as mean or having mean behavior is a perception that has been perpetuated over time. It is important to challenge these stereotypes and examine the underlying factors that contribute to such perceptions. Understanding women’s behavior requires considering various aspects, including socialization, gender roles, emotional expression, communication styles, and the intersectionality of their experiences. This article delves into why women are often perceived as mean, the impact of these misconceptions on women’s self-worth and relationships, and how to break the cycle by promoting empathy, perspective-taking, and respect. By exploring these topics, we can gain a deeper understanding of women’s behavior and foster a more inclusive and supportive society.

Key takeaways:

Key takeaway:

  • The perception of women’s behavior: Women may be labeled as mean, but it is essential to challenge stereotypes and understand that individual behaviors do not represent an entire gender.
  • Understanding women’s behavior: Socialization, gender roles, emotional expression, communication styles, and unique experiences shape women’s behavior and contribute to various perceptions.
  • The impact of misconceptions: Misconceptions about women being mean can adversely affect their self-worth, relationships, and contribute to gender bias and inequality.

The Perception of Women’s Behavior

The perception of women’s behavior is influenced by societal expectations and stereotypes. These perceptions can shape how women are viewed and treated, leading to misunderstandings and unfair judgments. Women should not be generalized or reduced to stereotypes.

Society expects women to be nurturing, empathetic, and polite. When women deviate from these expectations, they may be perceived as aggressive, bossy, or mean. This perception limits women’s autonomy and freedom to express themselves.

Media portrayal is significant in shaping the perception of women’s behavior. The representation of women in movies, TV shows, and ads reinforces stereotypes or presents narrow definitions of acceptable behavior. These limited representations contribute to the misinterpretation and judgment of women’s actions.

It is important to challenge and question these perceptions of women’s behavior. By promoting equality, embracing diversity, and recognizing individual experiences, we can move towards a more inclusive and understanding society.

Fact: Studies show women are often judged more harshly than men for similar behaviors, reinforcing gender biases in perception.

Are Women Really Mean?

“Are Women Really Mean?

Women are not mean, despite the misconception that generalizes their behavior. It is important to recognize that stereotyping women ignores the uniqueness of individuals’ personalities and experiences. Behavior should not be defined solely based on gender. Society and gender roles play a significant role in shaping behavior, but it is unfair to expect women to always be nurturing and kind. It is crucial to consider intersectionality, as it greatly influences behavior.

Misconceptions about women not only harm their self-worth but also negatively impact relationships. Believing in stereotypes only reinforces bias and inequality. To foster inclusivity, it is important to embrace empathy and perspective-taking. By challenging assumptions, we can develop a more accurate understanding.

Promoting respect and understanding is vital to creating a more inclusive society. Effective communication skills can significantly improve relationships. It is essential to recognize that women’s behavior should never be stereotyped solely based on their gender. Embracing empathy and respect is a powerful way to help create a more inclusive society.”

Challenging Stereotypes

Challenging stereotypes is a critical step in promoting equality and understanding. Stereotypes are generalized beliefs about a particular group, and when it comes to women, challenging these stereotypes is of utmost importance. Doing so promotes a more accurate and diverse understanding of women’s behavior.

To challenge stereotypes, we need to question and examine our assumptions. It is essential to recognize that stereotypes oversimplify and fail to represent individuals. By doing this, we can actively challenge and dismantle these stereotypes.

One vital aspect of challenging stereotypes is educating ourselves about the wide range of experiences and perspectives that women have. Engaging in conversations, exploring diverse readings, and seeking out stories and experiences that challenge our preconceived notions are all valuable ways to accomplish this.

Promoting representation is another key aspect of challenging stereotypes. We can counter the narrow narratives perpetuated by stereotypes by amplifying the voices and stories of women from different backgrounds.

Creating environments that value and respect individuality is crucial in challenging stereotypes. By cultivating inclusive spaces where different behaviors, interests, and strengths are appreciated, we challenge the notion that there is a “right” or “wrong” way for women to behave.

Challenging stereotypes requires a collective effort. Both men and women must work together to question and unlearn these stereotypes. By promoting empathy, open-mindedness, and respect, we can foster an environment that challenges stereotypes and embraces the diversity of women’s behavior.

Understanding Women’s Behavior

Women’s behavior can sometimes be misunderstood, but by delving into the nuances of understanding it, we can gain valuable insights. In this section, we’ll explore the factors that contribute to women’s behavior, such as socialization and gender roles, emotional expression and communication styles, as well as the impact of intersectionality and unique experiences. Get ready to uncover the complexities behind women’s behavior and gain a deeper understanding of their perspectives.

Socialization and Gender Roles

Socialization and gender roles play a significant role in shaping women’s behavior. From an early age, girls are socialized to conform to societal expectations and norms associated with femininity. They are encouraged to prioritize relationships and communal harmony, while also being nurturing and caring. This process of socialization ingrains certain behavioral patterns and communication styles that are considered appropriate for women.

Gender roles also determine the division of labor and responsibilities within households and communities. Typically, women often take on domestic chores, caregiving, and emotional labor, while men assume more assertive and dominant roles. These roles contribute to behaviors such as women being empathetic, cooperative, and skilled at building relationships.

It is important to note that socialization and gender roles are not fixed or universal. They vary across cultures and can be influenced by factors such as education, economic opportunities, and individual experiences. Challenging societal expectations and stereotypes surrounding gender roles is crucial for promoting gender equality and allowing individuals to express their authentic selves.

To foster more equitable socialization and gender roles, it is essential to provide children with diverse opportunities and encourage them to explore various interests and activities. Education and awareness programs can challenge traditional beliefs and promote a more egalitarian understanding of gender roles. Individuals can actively question and challenge gender norms in their daily interactions, fostering respect and understanding for all genders.

Emotional Expression and Communication Styles

When it comes to emotional expression and communication, women tend to be more expressive and verbally oriented compared to men. They use more emotional language and openly discuss their feelings. Women often share personal stories and seek emotional support from others in their conversations. Women are adept at picking up on nonverbal cues and interpreting body language, allowing them to better understand others’ emotions.

In terms of communication styles, women emphasize cooperation, empathy, and building connections. They focus on building relationships and fostering collaboration. This can be seen in their use of inclusive language, active listening, and validation of others’ emotions. Women also value empathy and emotional support in their communication, which helps them establish strong emotional connections with others.

It is important to note that not all women fit into these generalizations, as individuals vary in their communication styles and preferences. Understanding and respecting these differences can lead to more effective communication between genders. By recognizing and appreciating the unique emotional expression and communication styles of women, we can create a more inclusive society.

Intersectionality and Unique Experiences

Intersectionality and unique experiences are fundamental in comprehending women’s behavior. It is imperative to understand that women’s experiences are diverse and not uniform, as this understanding fosters empathy and promotes inclusivity. By acknowledging intersectionality, we recognize that women are shaped by multiple factors, such as race, ethnicity, socioeconomic background, sexual orientation, and other intersecting identities.

These unique experiences have a profound influence on various aspects of women’s lives, including their perspectives, challenges, and opportunities. For instance, a woman of color may encounter different forms of discrimination and bias compared to a white woman. Women from marginalized communities may face extra barriers in accessing resources and opportunities.

Understanding intersectionality is crucial in challenging stereotypes and effectively addressing gender bias. It enables us to acknowledge the diversity of women’s experiences and the varying needs and concerns they may have. By embracing intersectionality, we can establish a more inclusive and supportive environment where all women’s voices are heard and valued.

To truly promote equality and inclusivity, it is essential to consider intersectionality in policies, decision-making processes, and social interactions. Recognizing and addressing the unique experiences of women is a necessary step in dismantling barriers, overcoming biases, and constructing a more equitable society for all.

The Impact of Misconceptions

Misconceptions can have a profound impact on women’s lives, affecting their self-worth, relationships, and perpetuating gender bias and inequality. Dive into the repercussions of these misconceptions as we uncover the negative effects on women’s sense of self and the way they engage with others. Let’s also explore how these misconceptions contribute to ongoing gender disparities and the urgent need for change. Prepare to challenge your beliefs and gain a deeper understanding of the complex issues at hand.

Effects on Women’s Self-Worth and Relationships

The effects on women’s self-worth and relationships are significant. These misconceptions can decrease women’s self-esteem and confidence. Continuous labeling of women as mean or aggressive erodes their belief in their own worth and capabilities.

In relationships, these misconceptions can create barriers to open communication and understanding. Women may feel pressured to conform to societal expectations or constantly prove themselves, leading to strained relationships. This can result in a lack of trust and emotional connection.

The impact on self-worth and relationships varies depending on the individual and the extent to which they internalize these misconceptions. Studies have shown that women who face negative stereotypes may experience higher levels of stress, anxiety, and depression.

To address these effects, it is important to challenge assumptions and stereotypes about women’s behavior. Empathy and understanding are vital in promoting respect and positive relationships. By fostering environments that encourage open communication and support, women can feel empowered to overcome these challenges and build their self-esteem.

Recognizing and addressing the effects of misconceptions on women’s self-worth and relationships is crucial for promoting gender equality and creating a society where women can thrive emotionally and psychologically.

Contributing to Gender Bias and Inequality

Contributing to Gender Bias and Inequality is a significant issue. Societal expectations and stereotypes perpetuate these biases. Reinforcement of traditional gender roles limits opportunities for women, reinforces discrimination, and contributes to inequality in education, employment, and leadership positions.

Unconscious bias also perpetuates gender bias and inequality. These biases influence decision-making and result in unfair treatment and denied opportunities for women. Understanding the impact of unconscious bias allows us to challenge and overcome these biases, fostering a more equitable society.

Addressing gender bias and inequality is crucial for creating a fair and inclusive society with equal opportunities and rights. This can be achieved through education, awareness campaigns, and policies promoting gender equality. Challenging stereotypes, promoting diversity and inclusion, and advocating for gender equity contribute to dismantling gender bias and inequality.

Pro-tip: Be mindful of biases and assumptions. Educate yourself about gender equality issues and engage in open and respectful conversations. By being aware, informed, and proactive, we can all create a more inclusive and equitable world.

Breaking the Cycle

In the quest to understand why women can sometimes be perceived as mean, we dive into the fascinating section of “Breaking the Cycle.” Here, we explore powerful strategies that can reshape perceptions and foster connections. From empathy and perspective-taking to challenging assumptions and stereotypes, and promoting respect and understanding, we uncover the keys to transcending negativity and building a more compassionate and supportive society. Let’s embark on this enlightening journey toward empathy and growth.

Empathy and Perspective-Taking

Empathy and perspective-taking are crucial for understanding and building harmonious relationships. By putting ourselves in others’ shoes, we gain insight into their emotions and experiences, leading to greater empathy. This involves actively listening, validating their feelings, and acknowledging their unique perspectives. Empathy allows us to connect deeply with others and fosters compassion and kindness.

Research has shown significant benefits of practicing empathy. For instance, a study found that empathy training in medical students led to a 57% increase in empathic behavior towards patients. Another study revealed that individuals with high empathy experienced greater life satisfaction.

To cultivate empathy and perspective-taking, it’s important to engage in active listening and non-judgmental communication. Building genuine connections, seeking to understand others’ experiences, and acknowledging our biases are critical steps towards developing these skills.

Pro-tip: When interacting with others, remember that empathy is about understanding, not necessarily agreeing with their viewpoint. Practice active listening, ask open-ended questions, and suspend judgment to truly embrace empathy and perspective-taking in your relationships.

Empathy and perspective-taking are essential for understanding and building harmonious relationships. By putting ourselves in others’ shoes, we gain insight into their emotions and experiences, leading to greater empathy. This involves listening, validating their feelings, and acknowledging their perspectives. Empathy allows us to connect with others and fosters compassion and kindness.

Research has shown that practicing empathy has significant benefits. For example, empathy training in medical students resulted in a 57% increase in empathic behavior towards patients. Another study found that individuals with high empathy experienced higher life satisfaction.

To cultivate empathy and perspective-taking, engage in active listening and non-judgmental communication. Building genuine connections, seeking to understand others’ experiences, and recognizing biases are crucial steps towards developing these skills.

Pro-tip: When interacting with others, remember that empathy is about understanding, not agreeing with their viewpoint. Practice active listening, ask open-ended questions, and suspend judgment to embrace empathy and perspective-taking in your relationships.

Challenging Assumptions and Stereotypes

Challenging assumptions and stereotypes is crucial in comprehending women’s behavior. By interrogating preconceived notions and societal expectations, we can cultivate a more inclusive and fair society.

Education and awareness serve as means to challenge stereotypes. By acquiring knowledge about diverse cultures, backgrounds, and experiences, we can broaden our perspectives and confront assumptions based on limited or biased narratives. It is vital to acknowledge that individuals are not homogeneous, and everyone has unique experiences.

Promoting representation and diversity proves to be another effective strategy. By ensuring that a wide range of voices are heard and represented in various fields and industries, we can question stereotypes and dismantle barriers. This involves supporting and uplifting women who defy stereotypes and excel in traditionally male-dominated fields.

Fostering open and respectful dialogue is also essential. Encouraging conversations that challenge assumptions and promote understanding can debunk stereotypes and cultivate empathy. Approaching these discussions with an open mind and a willingness to learn and unlearn biases is important.

Fact: A study conducted by the American Association of University Women revealed that challenging stereotypes in education can improve academic performance and career aspirations for both boys and girls.

Promoting Respect and Understanding

Promoting respect and understanding is crucial for healthy relationships and building an inclusive society. Here are three essential strategies:

  1. Cultivate empathy: Understand and share others’ feelings by actively listening, putting ourselves in their shoes, and acknowledging their emotions without judgment.

  2. Challenge assumptions and stereotypes: Question and challenge stereotypes, recognizing that individuals are unique and not defined solely by their gender, race, or other characteristics. Create an inclusive environment where everyone is seen for who they truly are.

  3. Engage in open and respectful communication: Effective communication is the foundation of any healthy relationship. Foster understanding and build stronger connections by actively listening, being open to different viewpoints, and expressing ourselves respectfully.

Pro-tip: Promoting respect and understanding is an ongoing process. Continuously educate ourselves, unlearn biases, and embrace diversity to contribute to a more respectful and inclusive world for all.

The Role of Communication Skills

Good communication skills play a crucial role in understanding why some interactions with women may feel unkind. In this section, we will explore the importance of interpersonal communication skills and how they contribute to building harmonious relationships. We will delve into the significance of intrapersonal communication skills and how self-reflection and self-awareness can help navigate sensitive situations with empathy and understanding. Join us on this journey of unraveling the connections between communication and the perception of women’s behavior.

Interpersonal Communication Skills

When it comes to interpersonal communication skills, consider the following aspects to facilitate effective interactions:

1. Active listening: Pay full attention, maintain eye contact, and respond appropriately to demonstrate respect and understanding.

2. Nonverbal cues: Be aware of body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice to enhance communication and convey empathy.

3. Empathy: Put yourself in someone else’s shoes to foster understanding and connection for better communication and conflict resolution.

4. Clarity: Clearly express thoughts and feelings for better comprehension and to avoid misunderstandings.

5. Assertiveness: Express needs, wants, and boundaries respectfully and confidently to promote healthy relationships.

6. Conflict resolution: Address conflicts constructively, listen to different perspectives, and find mutually beneficial solutions to enhance communication and strengthen relationships.

7. Open-mindedness: Be open to different ideas, perspectives, and opinions to create an environment conducive to collaborative and respectful communication.

8. Feedback: Provide and receive constructive feedback for personal and interpersonal growth and improvement in communication skills.

By developing and honing these skills, individuals can build stronger connections, resolve conflicts effectively, and create positive and meaningful relationships.

Intrapersonal Communication Skills

Intrapersonal communication skills, also known as self-communication skills, play a significant role in personal growth and self-awareness. These skills involve understanding and effectively communicating with oneself. The key intrapersonal communication skills that individuals should focus on are:

why are women so mean

  1. Self-reflection: Engaging in introspection and contemplating thoughts, feelings, and actions can provide valuable insight into oneself. This practice can enhance understanding of motivations and behaviors.

  2. Self-awareness: It is crucial to be conscious of one’s emotions, strengths, weaknesses, and values. This awareness enables individuals to make informed decisions and engage in authentic communication.

  3. Self-regulation: Managing emotions, impulses, and reactions in various situations is essential for maintaining emotional balance. By doing so, individuals can respond thoughtfully instead of acting impulsively.

  4. Positive self-talk: Utilizing positive affirmations and replacing negative self-talk with constructive messages can significantly boost self-esteem and foster a strong belief in oneself.

  5. Mindfulness: Being fully present in the moment and observing thoughts and feelings without judgment is a powerful practice. This mindfulness enhances self-awareness and equips individuals with effective techniques to manage stress.

Pro-tip: To enhance intrapersonal communication skills, consider incorporating journaling into your routine. Regularly recording and reflecting on thoughts, emotions, and experiences can provide clarity, improve self-understanding, and foster personal growth.

Addressing Workplace Bullying

Uncovering toxic behaviors, nurturing positive work environments, and establishing support systems – the keys to combatting the pervasive issue of workplace bullying. Let’s delve into identifying these harmful behaviors, fostering a culture of respect and inclusivity, and creating robust support systems to ensure a healthier and more harmonious workplace. Together, we can confront and overcome the challenges associated with workplace bullying.

Recognizing Toxic Behaviors

Recognizing toxic behaviors is crucial for establishing a nurturing setting. An important aspect is to be aware of indicators such as verbal abuse, manipulation, bullying, excessive criticism, lack of empathy, and passive-aggressiveness. By addressing these behaviors, we can foster an environment that is supportive and respectful, ensuring that everyone feels valued and listened to.

Fostering Positive Work Environments

Creating a positive work environment is crucial for fostering positive work environments and promoting employee well-being and productivity. Here are some effective ways to foster a positive work environment and promote positive work environments:

  • Encourage open communication: Establish a culture of honest communication, where employees feel comfortable sharing ideas, concerns, and feedback, promoting positive work environments.

  • Promote teamwork and collaboration: Encourage collaboration among team members by organizing team-building activities and fostering a supportive work environment, contributing to positive work environments.

  • Recognize and appreciate employees: Regularly recognize and appreciate employees for their hard work and achievements through verbal recognition, rewards, or employee appreciation events, enhancing positive work environments.

  • Provide growth and development opportunities: Offer training programs, workshops, and professional development opportunities to help employees enhance their skills and advance their careers, contributing to positive work environments.

  • Establish work-life balance: Support work-life balance by offering flexible work schedules, allowing time off for personal commitments, and promoting a healthy work-life integration, fostering positive work environments.

  • Manage conflicts effectively: Establish conflict resolution strategies and provide training on how to handle conflicts constructively and respectfully, contributing to positive work environments.

  • Create a safe and inclusive environment: Ensure the workplace is free from discrimination, harassment, and bullying. Promote diversity and inclusion by valuing and respecting different perspectives and backgrounds, fostering positive work environments.

  • Lead by example: Managers and leaders play a crucial role in setting the tone for the work environment. Demonstrate positive behavior, good communication, and fairness, promoting positive work environments.

By fostering positive work environments, organizations can boost employee satisfaction, motivation, and performance, leading to better outcomes for both employees and the company.

Building Support Systems

Building support systems is crucial for individuals, including women, to navigate challenges and thrive. Here are some ways to establish strong support systems:

1. Networking: Connect with like-minded individuals in your field or community who can offer advice, mentorship, and support.

2. Joining support groups: Seek out support groups or organizations that focus on women’s empowerment or specific areas of interest to connect with others who share similar experiences and challenges.

3. Seeking professional help: If facing specific issues that require professional assistance, such as mental health concerns or career guidance, consider reaching out to therapists, counselors, or career coaches for guidance and support.

4. Cultivating relationships: Surround yourself with positive and supportive friends, family members, and colleagues who uplift and encourage you. Foster relationships based on trust, respect, and mutual support.

5. Participating in community activities: Engage in activities or volunteer work that aligns with your values and interests, providing opportunities to meet new people and build meaningful connections.

6. Creating online communities: Utilize social media platforms or online forums to connect with individuals who share similar experiences or interests, fostering a virtual support system.

7. Attending workshops and conferences: Take advantage of educational events and conferences that offer opportunities to learn from experts in your field, network with peers, and gain new perspectives.

Building support systems can provide invaluable emotional support, guidance, and resources, helping women navigate challenges, overcome obstacles, and achieve their goals.

Overcoming Challenges and Building Confidence

Overcoming challenges and building confidence is a crucial journey everyone can embark on. In this section, we’ll explore effective strategies that can support personal growth and empowerment. From seeking professional help to cultivating self-esteem and enhancing communication skills, we’ll uncover paths that can lead to overcoming obstacles and fostering a strong sense of self. It’s time to take charge and conquer the challenges that come our way.

Seeking Professional Help

Seeking professional help can greatly benefit individuals who are facing emotional or mental health challenges. It is important to recognize when you need additional support and reach out to a qualified professional. Professional help provides valuable guidance and tools to navigate through difficult situations, ultimately improving your overall well-being.

When you are seeking professional help, it is essential to find a therapist or counselor who specializes in your specific area of need. They can offer personalized strategies and interventions to effectively address your concerns. Professional help also provides a safe space where you can openly discuss your feelings and experiences without fear of judgment.

The benefits of seeking professional help are numerous. By doing so, you can gain a better understanding of your emotions, develop effective coping mechanisms, and learn valuable communication skills. Therapy or counseling can also help you build resilience and enhance your overall mental health.

If you are considering seeking professional help, it is important to remember that it is a personal decision, and there is absolutely no shame in reaching out for support. Taking this courageous step demonstrates strength and a commitment to your own well-being.

Cultivating Self-Esteem

Cultivating Self-Esteem is crucial for women to develop a positive sense of self-worth and confidence. It involves recognizing and appreciating one’s abilities, skills, and unique qualities. By building self-esteem, women can navigate challenges, set boundaries, and advocate for their needs assertively.

There are several ways to cultivate self-esteem. First, celebrating accomplishments boosts self-confidence. Recognizing personal strengths and accepting imperfections promotes self-acceptance and self-love.

Practicing self-care is essential in cultivating self-esteem. Engaging in activities that bring joy and relaxation, such as hobbies or self-reflection, helps women connect with their inner selves. Taking care of physical health through exercise, nutrition, and rest contributes to overall well-being.

Surrounding oneself with a supportive network of friends and family enhances self-esteem. These relationships provide encouragement, understanding, and validation. Seeking professional help, such as therapy or counseling, can also address underlying issues and boost self-esteem.

Challenging negative self-talk and replacing it with positive affirmations is crucial in cultivating self-esteem. Acknowledging achievements, practicing self-compassion, and focusing on personal growth foster a healthy sense of self.

By prioritizing self-esteem, women can confidently navigate relationships, pursue goals, and embrace their true potential. Cultivating self-esteem is an ongoing process that requires self-reflection, self-care, and nurturing positive beliefs about oneself.

Enhancing Communication Skills

Enhancing communication skills is crucial for effective interactions.

To enhance communication skills, individuals can follow these strategies:

1. Engage in active listening: Focus on the speaker, maintain eye contact, and ask clarifying questions to ensure understanding.

2. Pay attention to nonverbal communication: Notice body language, facial expressions, and gestures to understand others and convey your own messages effectively.

3. Practice clear and concise expression: Articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and concisely to avoid confusion and ensure understanding.

4. Develop empathy and understanding: Put yourself in others’ shoes, seek to understand their perspectives, and respond with sensitivity and understanding.

5. Enhance emotional intelligence: Recognize and manage your own emotions and understand the emotions of others. This builds rapport and strengthens relationships.

6. Learn constructive conflict resolution: Use active listening, find common ground, and seek win-win solutions.

7. Be adaptable in communication style: Adjust your communication style based on the needs and preferences of the individuals or groups you interact with. Flexibility promotes effective communication.

8. Give and receive feedback constructively: Foster growth and improvement in communication skills by being open to feedback and using it for self-reflection and growth.

Enhancing communication skills is an ongoing process that requires practice and self-awareness. By prioritizing effective communication, individuals can build stronger relationships, successfully resolve conflicts, and navigate various social and professional situations with ease.

Some Facts About Why Women Can Sometimes Behave Mean Towards Each Other:

  • ✅ Women can act aggressively towards women they perceive as “sexier” due to evolutionary programming. (Source: “Aggressive Behavior”)
  • ✅ Projection of unwanted emotions, enjoying meanness, and lacking communication skills are the main reasons why some women are nasty to others. (Source: “Psycho](today”)
  • ✅ Women’s negative behavior towards each other can be triggered by fear, control, or discomfort with someone new or different. (Source: “Psycho](today”)
  • ✅ Women’s shadows or hidden unlived parts can leak out in power plays or cruelty towards other women. (Source: “Psycho](today”)
  • ✅ Workplace bullying is a common issue faced by many women, often due to feeling threatened or insecure. (Source: “Dr Nancy O’Reilly”)